Pulmonary rehabilitation in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis

  • Author Footnotes
    1 Attilio Turchetta md is at the Pediatric Medicine Department, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Scientific Institute (IRCCS), Rome, Italy
    Attilio Turchetta
    Footnotes
    1 Attilio Turchetta md is at the Pediatric Medicine Department, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Scientific Institute (IRCCS), Rome, Italy
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 Attilio Turchetta md is at the Pediatric Medicine Department, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Scientific Institute (IRCCS), Rome, Italy
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      Abstract

      The increase in survival of children affected by cystic fibrosis (CF) has generated new needs, paramount of which is for them to be able lead, as far as possible, a normal life and that will include involvement in sports activities. Several authors have developed sports activity programmes for children with CF – at home, in hospital, supervised and unsupervised, and studies with these have shown a minor increase in lung function test, but no significant increase in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max). VO2 max is an integrated measure of cardio-respiratory-muscular function and has been demonstrated to correlate with longer survival. Training for sports activities increases VO2 max and, as CF can slow down the reduction of this parameter, special training programmes tailored to the needs of children with should be considered.

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