Malnutrition in developing countries: nutrition disorders, a leading cause of ill health in the world today

      Abstract

      Shockingly, malnutrition remains a dominant cause of mortality, morbidity and lost potential in today's children. In 2017, more than 1 in 5 children did not achieve their growth potential and were at risk of the associated long-term deficits in cognitive development. Stunting affects almost 40% of children in South Asia and the number of stunted children in Africa is rising. More than 1 in 14 of the world's children are wasted. Forty-five percent of all deaths in under-fives are attributable to undernutrition. Meanwhile, overweight affects 1 in 20 of the world's children. One in four overweight children live in Asia and numbers are expected to increase. Management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a huge challenge in low resource healthcare settings and mortality rates remain high. Current interventions to prevent malnutrition have limited impact. More effective prevention and treatment of malnutrition is needed urgently.

      Keywords

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